The words Test Automation and Robotic Process Automation are similar in that they both incorporate the word “automation” and both reduce manual tasks. These two, however, are not the same. Let’s begin with some concepts:
Definition of the RPA Technology
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a software robot that can perform tasks similar to those performed by humans. These virtual bots are designed and deployed using RPA techniques. These solutions use pre-defined operations and business rules to perform a series of tasks, events, and procedures across several software platforms independently. RPA can achieve the required outcome without the need for human intervention.
Definition of the Test Automation
Test Automation is a computer testing process that uses specialized tools to manage the execution of experiments. It also measures the average outcomes to the ones expected. Test automation is carried out automatically, with little or no involvement from the test engineer. It’s a key step in the planning process for adding more validation that’s tough to do individually.
Difference Between RPA and Test Automation
Let’s look at the distinctions between the 2 presently:
RPA and automated testing, on the other hand, are not quite the same thing. Let’s find out why.
- To begin with, RPA is not always utilized for assessment, but rather for automating business operations. As a result, it’s a far broader phrase than automation testing, which is primarily concerned with quality checks. Furthermore, test automation often necessitates testers writing scripts in a computer language, but RPA somehow doesn’t necessitate the use of code to automate operations.
- This brings us to the second major distinction: test scripts written for test automation are dependent on the system being tested (SUT). Robotic process automation systems, on the other side, make no distinction between automating file transfers to financial statements or flagging your communications. These tools aren’t reliant on any software.
After the enumeration of the top differences between RPA and test automation, we have enumerated differences between the RPA technology and test automation:
- Test automation is the process of automating repeated test cases. On the other hand, RPA automates business procedures that are repeated over and again.
- Only the products and their functionalities may be subjected to test automation. RPA may be used to automate both product and business activities.
- Test automation necessitates coding or programming expertise. To automate processes, RPA offers drag-and-drop functionality. As a result, programming skills are not required.
- Test automation is used in a variety of situations (i.e., QA, Production, Performance, UAT). Only one operational environment is required for RPA.
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